Two Scenarios Updated. Put Up or Shut Up

I had hoped to have a full canaries in the coal mine done today, but I failed (or lied as some could say) as I am only half done. It’s okay, though. Stocks are behaving exactly according to the footprints I first offered 10 days ago, making life a little easier, for now. And regardless, I am still forecasting Dow 27,000 next quarter with the chance of 30,000 later this year.

Below you can see the original chart with the Dow rallying smartly and heading towards the top of the volatility range I labeled with the blue horizontal line. Whether it goes a little north or a little short of it is irrelevant. From there, it gets dicey as stocks are “supposed” to peak and see a healthy decline to the bottom of the volatility range in March. If that ends up occurring, I would fully expect momentum to be weaker than the recent decline, less stocks making new lows, lower volume, lower volatility and less panic.

Just for the fun of it, I converted the chart above to a line graph below which only shows closing values of the Dow. It’s a less less noisy and perhaps easier to understand without the intra-day swings and colors.

Finally, as I first mentioned when I offered the scenario above as my most likely, I could be wrong, not about the bull market remaining intact, but about this anticipated decline into March. If you recall, I offered a second scenario which ultimately had much more negative implications.

Below is that scenario with the potential footprints. Stocks still rally to the top of the volatility range, pause for a week or so and then head straight to all-time highs, probably in April.


How is this any different?

Why should you care?

The stock market always needs a solid foundation to keep rallies alive. Imagine a house where you remove 25% of the concrete or half the framing rots away. The house becomes less and less stable before a storm knocks it down.

In this case, a run straight back to new highs could look a lot more like August 2007, July 1990 (click on that link above) or another instance where a 20% or more decline is more likely to unfold. That’s certainly not what the majority wants to see, but it a possibility. Again, that’s not my most favored scenario and regardless, I think new highs are on the way in Q2.
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A Price Pattern NEVER Seen at a Bull Market Peak

As I am working on a full canaries in the coal mine to offer substantiation that the bull market is not over, below you can see the recent all-time high in stocks. On January 26, stocks closed not only at an all-time high, but at their highest level of the day, the top of the green candle. In other words, stocks closed at they highest intra-day levels ever as well. In the history of the stock market, stocks have never, ever closed at their highest intra-day levels and immediately transitioned to a bear market, not that they couldn’t in the future.

In recent history, here is the 2007 bull market peak below. Stocks closed near their low of the day, red candle on the day of the peak.

2000 is below and it’s the same essential behavior with stocks closing the day well off their highs and towards the lowest low of the day.

Not a single bull market peak looks like what we saw on January 26, so obviously, the odds are heavily stacked against setting a precedent.

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A Friday Bottom Is In!

People seemed to like starting with the conclusion, so let’s do it again.

  • Stocks put in a short-term bottom on Friday
  • Yes, that happens on Fridays
  • S&P 500 successfully revisited Monday’s overnight low
  • Volatility declined even as stocks were lower

Just as I was hitting send last Friday, the stock market began to rescue itself from the depths of despair for the second time in one week. That was right about the time so many pundits and reporters were boldly stating that stocks never bottom on Fridays, which was something I debunked last week.

And as is often the case on a Friday to end a volatile week, traders reduced risk, causing stocks to accelerate higher into the close. In this case, people covered their shorts or bought back the stocks they sold in hopes of seeing more weakness. That buying fed on itself the rest of the day.

The chart below shows the S&P 500 futures which are a derivative of the popular S&P 500 index. They almost always trade in lock step, except that the futures trade outside of normal business hours from Sunday at 6pm to Friday at 5pm. Essentially, the futures are a way to give traders and investors more access as well as on a leveraged basis, meaning that one can put up a fraction of the total cost of the investment, similar to putting 20% down on a house but getting the full control and upside.

As you can see, the futures spiked down on February 6 in the middle of the night, but that was not seen during regular market hours. On Friday during the day, the futures sold off and revisited those same levels from the overnight, did not decline further and began to rally back. That can be called a successful retest which would lead to additional rallies. That is what is supposed to happen this week. Stocks should remain volatile, but the bulls should enjoy some success.

The opportunity for the bulls is also supported by a plethora of short-term studies which all point to a bounce as they have since last Monday. Below is the volatility index, better known as the VIX. What’s important to understand is that last Monday, the VIX spiked to 50 as stocks cratered. On Friday, as stocks were falling again and at lower levels, the VIX should have been well above 50. However, it saw a lower peak at 42, indicating that downside momentum in stocks was abating.

I don’t think Monday is going to be one of those “key” market days. After a dramatic reversal like we saw on Friday, we could see stocks follow through and rally, the most bullish scenario. Or, they could back and fill, chop around all day before moving higher on Tuesday or Wednesday. The real key is to see which sectors bounce the most. We definitely do not want to see the defensive groups like utilities, REITs and consumer staples lead any rally.

Updating a chart I first drew early last week, we see that stocks are basically staying in the road map. But they are coming to a point where the bulls need to step and rally. I still believe stocks will move higher to a secondary peak later this month and then decline again in March before the real move to all-time highs gets going in April.

This also fits in with research that shows when stocks decline 10% intra-month, they do not recoup those losses immediately. Rather, they do rally in the short-term, but typically close the month down 5-8%. And 5% down months usually see some more selling the next month, March in this case, which further supports my forecast. Hat tip to Rennie Yang of Astrikos Research.

As always, please don’t hesitate to call or email with any specific questions about your portfolio or financial situation. Investing is a marathon not a sprint and pockets of weakness in the markets will always occur, whichever side of the market you are on

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What If I am Wrong?!?!

A very long market week is coming to an end. Stocks could not hold on to the rally on Wednesday morning which led to spillover selling on Thursday that accelerated sharply into the close. After a decent morning for the bulls, sellers came in again into lunch on Friday and it looks like the market will need another reversal set up to stem the tide. That could include another ugly morning on Monday or Tuesday, but doesn’t necessarily have to.

Pundits often say that stocks never bottom on a Friday, but that’s false. There are very few “nevers” in investing. The truth is that the stock market rarely sees a low heading into a weekend. I think the number is either 8% or 10% of the time.

The post 9-11 bottom was on a Friday, something I will never, ever forget as I was having my second bachelor party trip of the month and trying to balance the markets with the fun. Waking up to indications of a 600 point (7%) down opening was not what I had in mind when we planned the trip to Kohler Wisconsin!

Anyway, getting back to this week, while volatility has been well within historical norms, it’s so far out of the range we have seen for the past 18 months. That’s why it “feels” so large. And as I have been saying, it should remain volatile for some time, even on the way back up.

During the course of the week, a number of people contacted me with their own market scenarios. I always welcome questions, comments and disagreements. Feel free to call, email, Tweet or Facebook message me. I heard everything from a 20,000 Dow point decline, worse than 2008 with global armageddon to the correction is over and the bull market will continue for years to come. That’s what makes markets. Very differing opinions!

My favorite question came from a reader who asked me, “what if you are wrong, Paul?”

That’s a question I ask myself every single market day although I twist into “how am I going to be wrong?” In other words, what am I missing or assigning too much weight or not enough weight to? With 29 years of battle scars, I have been wrong before and I will be wrong again. It’s okay to be wrong. It’s not okay to stay wrong.

There are a number of ways I could be wrong as with any market forecast. The bull market could have ended, last month. The decline’s magnitude could be much greater. The ensuing rally could be the last.

I am going to table the possibility of the bull market ending until next week when I plan to do a full canaries in the coal mine, which, for newer readers, is my way to lay out the evidence of how bull markets have died in the past. Spoiler alert. The conclusion will be that the bull market is not dead as we haven’t seen the dead canaries. In other words, the footprints of a bear market are not in place.

Could I be wrong on the magnitude of the decline. Well that’s an easy one to answer. Of course! I have always found downside targets to be much more difficult to forecast than upside ones. When the stock market has these vacuums or pockets of illiquidity, the major indices blow through most conventional, common sense levels.

Lastly, what happens if stocks do not see multiple lows, one in February and the final one in March? What happens if stocks just selloff to their ultimate bottom and then reverse sharply to new highs? That’s the scenario I want to discuss now as I  mentioned yesterday on CNBC’s Closing Bell.

Quickly combing through my database, I noticed two significant declines where stocks did not back and fill to repair damage before rallying over the intermediate-term. Better put, times where stocks did not build a solid foundation for a sustainable rally. One was the bottom after 9-11, seen below.

Stocks were already in a bear market when 9-11 occurred and behavioral patterns are very different in bear markets. Market bottoms are simple and don’t build solid foundations, which is why price remains in a bear market. That’s not what we have today. I added my famous blue arrows to show you what good, bull market behavior would have looked like back then and put an end to the bear market.

The other period I found was in the summer of 2007 as shown below.

2007 was very interesting as stocks soared to all-time highs in July and corrected 10% into August with outsized volatility. There was a simple bottom on one single day without any backing and filling to build a solid foundation as the blue arrows show. Stocks then roared to all-time highs and the final bull market high in October.

This scenario is certainly possible today although I still rate it as less likely than the one I have been discussing. We will see how things unfold over the coming few months and assess.

Stocks are setting up for another very volatile week next week and I will be in touch as warranted, but you can definitely expect a full canaries in the coal mine.

As always, please don’t hesitate to call or email with any specific questions about your portfolio or financial situation. Investing is a marathon not a sprint and pockets of weakness in the markets will always occur, whichever side of the market you are on.

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Stocks Following Map So Far. Range Established for Feb. Dow 27,000

My last two updates focused on the stock market’s mini crash and the reliable historical pattern that typically ensues, including what I saw as the somewhat predicable Turnaround Tuesday where stocks reverse early losses after selling off sharply on Friday and Monday. I was looking for that “woosh” lower early Tuesday and while down 600 wasn’t the magnitude I wanted to see, it was enough to flush out the remaining sellers and entice some buyers in. The worst may be behind us, but the is not over.

You can read those updates below.

As I mentioned previously, short, sharp market downdrafts from all-time highs have not led to bear markets nor major declines. They are scary “market events” where the volatility Genie exhibits chaotic behavior for an extended period of time. She doesn’t just go right back into her bottle.

In this case stocks saw a mini crash, more in point terms than percentage. Intra-day moves were extreme, are extreme and will continue to be extreme, likely into April. Investors should get used to triple digit moves every day with bi-polar behavior. Again, we have probably seen the worst of the volatility but it’s certainly not over. Eventually, things will settle down.

Let’s revisit my most likely scenario chart below with the arrows redrawn to line up with the magnitude of the move. First, look at the two horizontal blue lines which represent the short-term trading range I see setting in, bound by the two most volatile days’ high and low.

Stocks should bounce between 25,500 and 23,800 into March at the latest although they could compress this scenario and have it end this month. Weeks down the road, the stock market is likely to see another decline towards, at or just below the worst levels from Tuesday morning. However, that decline should come with much less acceleration, volume and participation. Assuming the market holds there, a multi-month rally to all-time highs will ensue.

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1987 Again? Post Crash Playbook. Turnaround Tuesday

I am going to do something different today and start with my conclusion and work somewhat backwards. The bull market remains intact and fresh all-time highs should be seen next quarter. Buying into sharp downdrafts, while emotionally very difficult, should be rewarded over the intermediate-term.

Like a snowball rolling downhill, whatever this decline is going to end up being labeled, the market is right in the middle of the highest speed and maximum acceleration. As with the snowball, it is the largest and fastest right before it hits the bottom of the hill.

If Friday wasn’t volatile enough for you, Monday was a wild one in terms of points not percent. And that’s leading to what looks to be an equally or even more volatile affair on Tuesday as opening indications have ranged from the Dow being down anywhere from 400 to 950 points. In point terms, it’s going to be a day for the ages. However in percentage terms, Tuesday will likely fall within the realm of normalcy for a market decline.

This next comment may seem counterintuitive, but the best thing for stocks would be a 1000+ point decline at the open that creates the “whoosh” of cleaning out everyone and anyone looking to sell. From there, the market would then have an opportunity to back and fill and begin to create some stability. If that “whoosh” doesn’t happen at the open, there should be several selling waves during the day to create it with the potential for a Turnaround Tuesday this afternoon. The media would absolutely love it. The worst thing for stocks would be if stocks open sharply higher.

Yesterday, I wrote about my playbook for mini crashes. The pattern and most likely scenario remains very much in play and valid although I certainly underestimated to magnitude of the decline. As I mentioned yesterday, I am looking for the momentum or internal low in the stock market this week followed by a multi-week rally before the next decline to the ultimate bottom takes places.

If the market cooperates, that puts the final low sometime in March. There are enough “ifs” and time in that scenario to take it day by day and week by week. One thing continues unabated, volatility, my theme for 2018. Historically average volatility is here to stay with pockets of spikes.


Investors and the media have this fascination with needing to know why the decline occurred. What caused it? How can we prevent it from happening again? Most of the time, that’s a fool’s errand.

What we are seeing right now is financial market event. It is not fundamentally based and is absolutely nothing like 2008, which people have invoke during every single large decline since 2008. There is no underlying financial crisis. The economy is not teetering on recession, at least not yet. We have record corporate earnings and the global economy is sound, again, for now.

At the risk of creating some undue anxiety, 1987 was a market event. It had nothing to do with the economy or financial system. I do not believe this is 1987 again. I repeat. I do not believe this is 1987 again, at least  not right now. I do think something like 1987 on a smaller scale could occur much later this year, but that’s a topic for a different day.

This stock market decline began with the specter of higher interest rates, or at least that’s what the pundits have said. It took the 10 year treasury note to rally 100% before stocks noticed or so it seems. Last Friday, wage growth finally got back to normal levels, if only for one month. This has investors worried that a tight labor market with rising wages could lead to inflation, something we haven’t had in over a decade. And with inflation comes a very restrictive Fed with spiking short-term interest rates.

I laugh at that entire thesis. Certainly since 2009, the Fed has been desperately trying (and failing) to engineer inflation. The inflation isn’t even out of the bottle yet and people are worried. Looking at the long-term picture, since 1998 the velocity of money, something I write about every 6 weeks right before the Fed meets, has been in a perfect, secular bear market. I continue to argue that until velocity turns significantly higher, there will be no problematic or worrisome inflation.

Another reason behind the selling has been computerized trading, as it behind every single accelerating decline. That’s a sign of the times and one of the unintended consequences of technology. People don’t complain about high speed trading on the way up, only on the way down. If I had my druthers, I would slow down all computerized trading by 1/2 of one second. Playing field leveled. Edge removed.

Look at the chart below, especially in the middle, of what transpired over just two hours on Tuesday. 1300 Dow points from high to low. 600 Dow points in just 5 min, in both directions.

Finally, as with almost every decline, there are those out there who made overly leveraged (borrowed money) bets and who are at risk of insolvency. In today’s case, what started as tens of millions and then hundreds of millions and billions and tens of billions, betting against stock market volatility became akin to shooting fish in a barrel, until it wasn’t. Volatility happens all at once. It doesn’t quickly and methodically build.

There are derivative products who trade the volatility index or VIX, both with and against. Those that bet against volatility have blown up. completely. So much, that at least one product creator, Credit Suisse, is liquidating its XIV exchange traded note (ETN). XIV closed on Monday at 99. Now it’s been halted from trading and will be closed, literally overnight.

There are always casualties during periods of market stress. Leverage used properly can aid in portfolio construction. Leverage used without understanding the product and consequences is greedy and ignorant.

Assuming Tuesday is another wild day, (Turnaround Tuesday?), I will send a short update or a full canaries in the coal mine later this week.

As always, please don’t hesitate to call or email with any specific questions about your portfolio or financial situation. Investing is a marathon not a sprint and pockets of weakness in the markets will always occur, whichever side of the market you are on

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Post Mini Crash Stock Market Playbook. All-Time Highs Around the Corner

The Dow Jones Industrial Average “crashed” 666 points on Friday, at least that’s how the media portrayed it. And it’s on track to open another 1%+ lower this morning. In 1987, 666 points would have been more than 25%. In 2018, that’s all of 2.5%. 2.5% moves used to mostly occur monthly and certainly quarterly. During extreme periods of volatility, like 2001, 2002, 2008, 2009 and 2011, a 2.5% move would barely get noticed. Today, it’s BREAKING NEWS.


Recent volatility. For 24 months, stocks have been in their least volatile period of all-time. In 2008, investors got used to these outsized moves. In fact, we even saw a 10% move in a single day. Today that would be more than 2500 Dow points. However, since February 2016, the stock market hasn’t even declined 5% which will end this morning. And it’s been the longest streak in history without even a 3% decline.

So Friday’s mini crash (in points not percent) is somewhat of an outlier, a number that doesn’t really fit in the normal range of daily returns. More importantly, it occurred from new all-time highs five days earlier. Please re-read that sentence as declines like this do not typically happen so close to all-time highs. The chart below shows you what’s happening with the subsequent ones indicating a theme.

The next chart below is my favorite and one that I think is the best rhyme. It’s from 2007 when stocks collapsed at the end of February due to China’s market plummeting. The reasons do not matter. I repeat. The reasons for these declines are of absolutely no significance.

In 2007 stocks made an all-time high and then saw a mini crash five days later. Stock market internals were very strong before the decline. In math terms, it was a five sigma or standard deviation event. In other words it was a huge decline relative to the normal price behavior over the past year, just like today.

While the mini crash wasn’t the absolute bottom, it was pretty much most of the price damage. Stocks saw a short-term low a few days later, rallied and revisited that low shortly thereafter. And then stocks soared higher again.

Remember that.

In 1994 as you can see below, stocks were at all-time highs and saw a mini crash four days later from a period of very low volatility. But that was just the beginning of a larger decline and more challenging period.

Why show this? Was anything different?

There was a significant difference. In 1994 stock market internals were poor and had been deteriorating for months. The January 1994 peak was accompanied by a wide ranging group of divergences or non-confirmations. The market’s foundation was already crumbling, very much the opposite of today.

1991 is next and as with the previous charts, we have an all-time high followed by a mini-crash two weeks later. Market internals were strong before the decline. The ultimate low took a little longer, but the results were still the same. Stocks bottomed and then soared to new all-time highs.

1989 is the final comparison and although my data provider clearly has some incomplete data, I think you can get the gist of it. Stock market all-time high, mini crash a week later, rally, revisit and then stocks soar to all-time highs.

See the theme yet?

Markets never exactly repeat, but they certainly rhyme. Below you can see what I drew in as the scenario I see as most favored or likely at this point. Stocks are not done going down and they should continue lower early this week. A low should be formed, followed by a bounce of one to three weeks before the decline to the ultimate low takes place.

The key is not that the Dow exactly follows my arrows, but that once the low is in, stocks soar again. Yes, stocks soar again to fresh all-time highs and the bull market remains intact. The bull market is not over. This decline could speed up its ultimate fate, like it did in 2007, but that’s way too early to state right now.

Besides valuation, which is a horrible timing tool and sentiment which was certainly euphoric but can be corrected with this mini crash, stocks have done nothing wrong to indicate the bull market is over or even close to ending. Ignore the hysteria and focus on reality. Buying weakness remains the correct strategy until proven otherwise.

Assuming today is the volatile affair it is setting itself up to be, I will likely send out a brief update by tomorrow’s open. There were a good number of short-term indicators that flashed “imminent low” for this week I will discuss

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And Stocks Go Down AGAIN

More than a week ago, I started discussing the idea that a trading range was setting in with modestly lower and higher prices as the range. For a few session, stocks blew right past that idea. Before today, the stock market had very, very quietly pulled back for four sessions without much fanfare except for some weak internal readings.

That all changed as a solid employment report with finally some real wage growth further spooked the bond market, sending yields on the 10 year note to 2.85%. There is fear that 3% will be next and that will make bonds more attractive again and give stocks competition. I don’t buy that at all.

The issue is not that yields hit 2.85%, but rather that they are doing it in spike fashion. If yields had taken two steps and one step back on their way to 2.85% in orderly and boring fashion, I doubt the stock market would really care. It’s the same thing with oil. When oil either surges or plummets, the stock market usually follows suit. Markets are very good at adjusting and adapting to new levels as long as they get there slowly and orderly.

The long, long, long awaited stock market pullback is here. It should be a mid single digit affair and conclude by the end of the quarter. Because of how large the numbers are on the Dow, the point decline will make headlines. But remember, the Dow is down 4% right now and that’s over 1000 points. It’s not the end of the bull market and certainly not the end of the world.

Friday selloffs always concern people because they have snowballed in the past. Wherever stocks close on Friday, it is unlikely to mark the final bottom. Dow 25,000 is a logical target. The volatility Genie is out of the bottle and should be the rest of the year. Pullbacks are good to allow you to jettison investments that are lagging or you no longer like to rotate into better performing or higher quality ones.

Anyone still talking about the “melt up”???

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Fed Statement Day Disappoints. Defensive Groups Lead.

Fed statement day was certainly atypical and a volatile affair. Early strength was sold into which accelerated after the 2pm announcement. And Just when it looked like the bears would turn the day into a rout, the 3pm bell rung and the bulls came roaring back to life. What was most interesting was that while the Fed didn’t say much in their statement and actually was slightly more positive on the economy, it was the defensive groups, like REITs and utilities that acted the best on the day.

Two very reliably bullish short-term studies did not deliver on statement day which sets up a mildly negative trend for today and possibly longer. Keep in mind that the bull market remains intact as does this leg of the bull market. The rally is not over just yet. Leadership continues to be strong and only high yield bonds are offering any warning. It will be interesting to see if the defensive groups stay strong today, not to mention on Friday when we have the employment report. Unless it really lays an egg, the Fed will be raising rates 6 weeks from now.

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Fed’s Arrogance Will Lead to Disaster for Economy

Stock Market Behavior Models for the Day

As with every Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) statement day, there is a model for the stock market to follow pre and post announcement. Certain environments have very strong tendencies while others do not. Over the past few meetings, many of the strongest trends immediately before and after were muted except for a modest post FOMC trend last meeting which called for mild weakness the very next day. The S&P 500 lost 10 points or -0.40%.

After the stock market’s decline over the past two days, one FOMC trend said to buy yesterday’s close. That was a strong signal. I was really hoping for a lower opening today for a few reasons. First, the third straight lower open is usually a good buying opportunity in a bull market. Second, it would have triggered a number of bullish short-term studies for the next one to two weeks. Finally and most importantly, a lower open would trigger two of the most powerful FOMC trends to buy the S&P 500 at the open. As Robert Burns said “the best laid plans of mice and men often go awry”. Stocks seem poised to bounce back at the open rather than decline.

As with most statement days, the model for the day calls for stocks to return plus or minus 0.50% until 2:00 PM. There is a 90% chance that occurs. If the stock market opens outside of that range, there is a strong trend to see stocks move in the opposite direction until 2:00 PM. For example, if the Dow opens down 1%, the model says to buy at the open and hold until at least 2:00 PM.

The next model calls for stocks to close higher today and rally after 2:00 PM. That is usually a very strong trend, 80%+, especially after seeing weakness into statement day (today). Finally, assuming stocks close higher today, there is a trend setting up for a post statement day decline, but that is not a certainty just yet.

No Rate Hike But All the Wrong Moves for Yellen & Co.

This is Chair Janet Yellen’s final meeting as chairman as well as final meeting sitting on the FOMC. With the Fed raising interest rates only 6 weeks ago, today’s meeting should be very unexciting. The next real opportunity for a rate hike will come at the March meeting. Remember, the Fed forecast one to two rate hike in 2018. I continue to believe the risk is to the upside for three to four increases.

Remember the Tom Cruise movie, “All the Right Moves”? It was a football movie set in steel country PA with Cruise having to make a number of life decisions. Well, if the Fed’s plan was a movie, I would title it “All the Wrong Moves”. Their academic arrogance has sprung up again and it will not end well for our economy.

I want to stop for a moment and rehash an old, but still troubling theme. I am absolutely against the Fed hiking interest rates AND reducing the size of its balance sheet at the same time. It’s an unprecedented experiment and the Fed doesn’t have a good track record in this department. Pick one or the other. Stop worrying about ammunition for the next crisis. Given that the Fed has induced or accelerated almost every single recession of the modern era, I have no doubt that the recession coming before the 2020 election will certainly have the Fed’s fingerprints on it with their too tight monetary policy experiment.

Let’s remember that the Fed was asleep at the wheel before the 1987 crash. In fact, Alan Greenspan, one of the worst Fed chairs of all-time, actually raised interest rates just before that fateful day. In 1998 before Russia defaulted on her debt and Long Term Capital almost took down the entire financial system, the Fed was raising rates again. Just after the Dotcom Bubble burst in March 2000, ole Alan started hiking rates in May 2000. And let’s not even go to 2007 where Ben Bernanke whom I view as one of the greats, proclaimed that there would be no contagion from the sub prime mortgage collapse.

Yes. The Fed needs to stop.

Velocity of Money Most Important

Below is a chart I have shown at least quarterly since 2008. With the exception of a brief period from mid 2009 to mid 2010, the velocity of money collapsed. It’s still too early to conclude, but it does look like it stopped going down in 2017. In the easiest terms, M2V measures how many times one unit of currency is turned over a period of time in the economy. As you can see, it’s been in a disastrous bear market since 1998 which just so happens to be the year where the Internet starting becoming a real force in the economy. Although it did uptick during the housing boom as rates went up, it turned out to be just a bounce before the collapse continued right to the present.

This single chart definitely speaks to some structural problems in the financial system. Money is not getting turned over and desperately needs to. The economy has been suffering for many years and will not fully recover and function normally until money velocity rallies. Without this chart turning up, I do not believe the Fed will create sustainable inflation at 2% or above. This is one chart the Fed should be focused on all of the time.

It would be interesting to see the impact if the Fed stopped paying banks for keeping reserves with the Fed. That could presumably force money out from the Fed and into loans or other performing assets. It continues to boggle my mind why no one calls the Fed out on this and certainly not Yellen at her quarterly press conference. In March, perhaps someone will question Chair Powell on this!

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